When comes to electronic designing and testing, adjustable current sources facilitates to simulate "load" on circuit(s). The most common use of "constant current source" is to test performance of power supply units and battery packs.

The current source introduced in this article is capable to handle current up to 6A with maximum input voltage of 50V. This is an operational amplifier based adjustable current source and it uses LM358 in a general voltage follower configuration. To handle large currents we use four 0.1Ω 20W resistors as "load resistor", and those load resistors are drive through pair of 55N06 N-channel MOSFET transistors.

The power supply unit of this project is build around 9V x 2 (2A) step-down transformer and it is design to get regulated 12V DC voltage. In our design this 12V power source is used to drive LM358 Op-Amp and 12V cooling fan.

Internal view of adjustable current source prototype.
Internal view of adjustable current source prototype.

In our PCB design we did not include high current paths into PCB track layout. We connect all of of those connections using point-to-point wiring. Large heatsink is recommended for both 0.1Ω load resistors and for 55N06 MOSFET transistors. In our prototype design we use 250mm x 72mm x 50mm heatsink to mount all of those resistors and transistors. To transfer heat we also attach standard 80mm cooling fan into our enclosure.

Project Related Downloads


Schematics, PCB designs and wiring diagrams of Adjustable constant current source

References


LM358 - Low-power, dual-operational amplifier
55N06 - 60V N-Channel MOSFET
7812 - 3-Terminal 12V 1A positive voltage regulator